Mention weather with only a passing reference if characters are indoors. When characters are outdoors, weather affects their actions. For stronger effect, have weather contrast character mood rather than compliment it.
Theme tells us what it means to be human. It makes a statement about how humans react to situations beyond their control. It shows the writer’s personal take on how an element of human nature (love, greed, etc) defines human behaviour.
Symbolism emotionally sways the audience by providing hidden language within the story with highly concentrated meaning. It’s the most focused condenser-expander storytelling technique in the toolbox. Create a web of symbols, each helping to define the others, for maximum power.
The basics first: “He/she said” is the basic modifier. Dialogue tells us what is said, attribution tags tell us who said it and modifiers tell us how it was said. These are the aspects we deal with here, adverbs (he said happily) are a matter for concern in a different article.
Show, don’t tell. Built-in past is called “exposition” and requires explanations so the reader can understand what is happening now. In its very nature, this is ‘telling’ rather than showing. Showing, on the other hand, makes use of evocative description.
To make a scene vivid, to make it truly come to life, there needs to be sensory information. Senses transform words into three-dimensional worlds. The basic human senses are: seeing, hearing, touch, smell and taste.
Narration sketches the portrait of your character and his development. Dialogue humanizes and personifies the character. Characterization through dialogue gives him fullness, substance and individuality.