The rules subplot must follow: 1 It must affect the protagonist’s main plot. 2 The subplot character is usually not the ally, the subplot character and the ally have two separate functions. 3 It is a fully realised plot on its own with its own structure.
A reveal is a shocking fact that changes (and explains) everything. A reveal is a shocking fact that changes (and explains) everything. This requires 1 hints that not all is what it seems 2 hints towards the reveal.
Plot is whatever happens in a story. Plot is built on significant events in a given story. They are significant because they have important consequences. Unimportant events, such as closing a door or braiding your hair are incidents. They don’t have important consequences, unless you are Rapunzel, in which case they are crucial actions. So what makes plot? Cause and effect. On event leads to another event.
A story is a communication that expresses an artistic description of how a person can grow or evolve. It follows a specific structure of seven organic steps taken with human change.
Beginnings explain who the story is about and how they got into the story-worthy problem situation. First we see our protagonist in his ordinary world (however not-ordinary this world may be for the reader, it’s normal life for him.)
Act II is the major part of the novel. It is the confrontation, a series of battles between the Lead and the opposition. The various plot strands weave in and out of one another, creating a feeling of inevitability while at the same time surprising the reader in various ways.
Just when you’ve come up with an idea, you hear about a book/play/film/whatever that has nearly the exact same plot. You’re devastated, thinking you need to abandon your idea and seek a new one. You’re wrong.
In storytelling, background (cause) leads to plot development (effect) and vice versa. Stimulus and response are a form of cause and effect.
Scenes exist to make events happening in your fictional world feel real to the reader. Each scene must therefore relate to the plot. Every single one.
Coincidences happen every day in real life. In fact, things happen against all odds, every second of every day. So why shouldn’t you have a coincidence happen in your book? You can, if you do it right, if it’s meaningful. But if you’re not carefully laying foundations for your plot then your characters end up as nothing but puppets dragged around by strings.
At this point, the reader has felt and seen the forces gather against the protagonist. Absolute disaster is just around the corner. The way you set up the story up to this point, determines the expectation readers have about how it will end. For them, it’s more than an expectation, it’s a silent promise you made. A noisy action packed story promised a big bang at the end. A subtle story promised a quiet ending.
Part 1: Develop your idea
Step 1: Decide which genre you want to write in.
How do you know what genre you should write in? Easy, the genre you love to read. This is the genre you are most familiar with, with ready examples to look back on if you need a little help and most importantly, you should write a story you’d love to read. Walk over to your bookcase (or e-book reader of choice) and pick up the books you have read with the most passion. What genre are they? That’s the one for you.
sketching your story outline with the help of these sets of questions.
Story beats provide a way to analyse narrative and they provide reference points writers can use when looking at particular stories. The type tells you the purpose performed by the beat. The resolution marks the emotional state in the audience by the beat.
Every story can be boiled down to a generic set of statements. These story parts address the inciting incident, the goal, the strategy to get the goal, the opposition, the reason to keep moving, the darkest moment, the lesson learned, the hole that needs filling.
Formulaic writing is done, because it works. There are guidelines that, when understood, will help you write a solid plot every single time. Those guidelines are part of LOCK, which stands for Lead, Objective, Confrontation and Knock-out. This system will serve you your entire writing career.
It’s the oldest of ancient yet magnificent. The hero’s journey shows the path a man walks through trails, adventure and danger to save the day and become a hero. Here are the 17 stepping stones.
The 7 plot archetypes are: Overcoming the Monster, Rags to Riches, The Quest, Voyage and Return, Comedy, Tragedy, Rebirth
There are 36 situations of drama or tragedy which can be used as a sort of template. This list stems from the 19th century and is a popular writing aid. It was made to categorize every dramatic event that might happen in a story. Go ahead, wreck your mind and try to find 37!
Pixar gives their 22 rules of storystelling.