Show, don’t tell. Built-in past is called “exposition” and requires explanations so the reader can understand what is happening now. In its very nature, this is ‘telling’ rather than showing. Showing, on the other hand, makes use of evocative description.
Subtext creates texture that links scenes to the themes and larger plot. It is the layer that contains unconscious information, clues to behaviour and elements of backstory. There are several techniques to achieve this.
To make a scene vivid, to make it truly come to life, there needs to be sensory information. Senses transform words into three-dimensional worlds. The basic human senses are: seeing, hearing, touch, smell and taste.
Comic Relief: Writing is all about balance. You need to bring the tension up and release it with relaxation or humour. Give the reader a break so he can keep reading without forcing a break by putting the book down.
Narration sketches the portrait of your character and his development. Dialogue humanizes and personifies the character. Characterization through dialogue gives him fullness, substance and individuality.
Comedy is that which makes one laugh. This is the basis for any study of comedy. However, just what is it that makes one laugh? The six requirements to be funny. Requirement 1: Appeal to the intellect (rather than the emotions)
Surface problems reflect the actual story-worthy problem but are insufficient to sustain an entire story. Any author should have a firm understanding of the main problem as it helps to provide your protagonist with initial surface problems to kick of the action.
Telling details may include any word and take almost any form as long as it creates a vivid immersive specific image of what is unique, interesting and relevant about the thing it describes, whether it’s a character, object or action.
Sources of Comedy. Comedy writing is a never ending process of hit and miss. Real laughter is an involuntary action. Even when we shouldn’t, we can’t help ourselves. Comedy is full of contradictions. One of the roles as you write comedy, is to deflate human pomposity. Sources