The denouement is everything that follows after the climax, with one purpose: to wrap up the story. Readers now crave two things. First, a final reactionary scene to show the consequences of the plot and the fate of the characters. Second, answers to all remaining story-questions.
Beginnings explain who the story is about and how they got into the story-worthy problem situation. First we see our protagonist in his ordinary world (however not-ordinary this world may be for the reader, it’s normal life for him.)
Act II is the major part of the novel. It is the confrontation, a series of battles between the Lead and the opposition. The various plot strands weave in and out of one another, creating a feeling of inevitability while at the same time surprising the reader in various ways.
Just when you’ve come up with an idea, you hear about a book/play/film/whatever that has nearly the exact same plot. You’re devastated, thinking you need to abandon your idea and seek a new one. You’re wrong.
When you’re writing, you’re all over the place in creativity and flow. When you’re rewriting, you are tidying up, restoring the order so your writing stays on track. Rewriting: reworking elements of the story to make it more immediate and dramatic.
Show, don’t tell. Built-in past is called “exposition” and requires explanations so the reader can understand what is happening now. In its very nature, this is ‘telling’ rather than showing. Showing, on the other hand, makes use of evocative description.
Subtext creates texture that links scenes to the themes and larger plot. It is the layer that contains unconscious information, clues to behaviour and elements of backstory. There are several techniques to achieve this.
To make a scene vivid, to make it truly come to life, there needs to be sensory information. Senses transform words into three-dimensional worlds. The basic human senses are: seeing, hearing, touch, smell and taste.