Posted in Description Dialogue Dynamic Verbs

Dynamic Verbs: to drink

Drink with difficulty because you don’t like it or are upset.Choke DownForce Down drink it all quicklyChug: drink without stopping…

affective writing
Posted in Home Narration Toolbox Prose

Affective Writing

That’s right. Affective, not effective, writing. This article is about how words make readers feel certain emotions. Sneak these words…

Posted in Editing & Revision Home Prose

Step 4 – Spellcheck

Check spelling, interpunction etc. Correct Apostrophe Use The apostrophe serves three functions: contraction, plural and possessives. Contraction It’s = it…

Posted in Editing & Revision Prose

Step 3 – Polish Prose

How do you polish prose? You smoothen readability by optimizing word choice, perfecting sentence structure and paragraph rhythms.

sensory description
Posted in Description Prose

Sensory Description

The basic human senses are: seeing, hearing, touch, smell and taste. However, don’t forget the many other senses we have,…

character description
Posted in Characters Description

Character Description & Emotion

Showing creates mental pictures, it is interactive and participatory because it forces the reader to deduce the facts for himself….

said alternatives
Posted in Description Home Prose

Alternatives for ‘said’

Whenever possible, use SAID. Whenever possible, make the dialogue do the work and provide enough context (e.g. with gestures) to…

Posted in Description Home Narration Toolbox Plot Prose


The pace should quicken when there is action and suspense, and slow down when there are moments of calm. Controlling…

Posted in Description Prose

Flashbacks and Memories

Flashbacks The flash-back golden rule: Memories are not for reminiscing. They serve to navigate the present! Use these to move…

Posted in Description Dialogue Home Prose

How to describe smiles and laughter

How to describe laughter Ha ha (sarcastic) Haha (polite) Ha. (unmeant bored) Ha! (exclamation) Hehe (immature, sly) Hahaha (genuine) Haha……

Posted in Characters Prose


Characterization Explicit characterization The author literally tells the audience what a character is like. This may be done via the…

Show don't tell
Posted in Home Prose Story Structure

Show, don’t tell (and pace)

What is Showing Showing allows for immersion of the reader into the fictional dream. Showing is experiences with an illusion…

Posted in Home Prose


1 Word-Level Specificity vs vagueness Example:The animal moved through the place with the thing.The greying Dobermann ran through the moonlit…